What is bone grafting for oral surgery

A Basic Guide to Bone Grafting for Oral Surgery

If your oral surgeon has recommended bone grafting, you may find the idea to be a bit disconcerting. This is completely understandable, but we’d like to put your mind at ease.

Bone grafting is a routine, in-office procedure that takes very little time — and oral surgery anesthesia ensures you a comfortable, pain-free experience. Recovery is typically smooth and easy, and if you follow your oral surgeon’s aftercare instructions, complications are extremely unlikely.

Some patients find that learning more about bone grafting helps calm their nerves. You can always ask the oral surgeons at Richmond Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery for details on the procedure, but first, take a look at the following guide.

What is bone grafting for oral surgery

When Is Bone Grafting Recommended?

Jawbone atrophy, or degeneration of the jaw, can be a crucial concern — and bone graft surgery can reverse the condition.

Atrophy occurs naturally with aging, but tooth loss can hasten it. When teeth are missing, the jawbone lacks stimulation from the roots and begins to degenerate. Grafting is often recommended to stave off future tooth loss, preserve jaw health and maintain a youthful appearance. In addition, getting a jawbone graft may be an essential step to preparing for dental implant surgery.

Types of Bone Grafts Oral Surgeons Use

When performing bone graft surgery, oral surgeons use one of four materials. These include:

  • Autografts, or bone tissue harvested from the patient
  • Allografts, or natural human bone from a tissue bank
  • Xenografts, or biocompatible bovine or porcine tissue
  • Alloplasts, or bone tissue made from synthetic materials

The type of jawbone graft your oral surgeon chooses depends on several factors, but they don’t make the decision alone. Patients are asked for their input, and their preferences are given consideration.

What to Expect After Bone Graft Surgery

Bone grafting is a minimally invasive procedure, and recovery is typically problem-free.

After getting a jawbone graft, patients may experience a few uncomfortable side effects. Mild swelling, redness and bruising are common, as are minor aches and pain. These symptoms dissipate fairly quickly, lasting only a day or two in most cases. Ice packs and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such ibuprofen or naproxen are usually enough to keep patients comfortable after bone grafting. Complications are rare, particularly for those who follow their oral surgeon’s aftercare instructions.

Do you need bone graft surgery? You’ll be in good hands if you schedule the procedure at Richmond Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Our highly skilled oral surgeons place jawbone grafts every day, and we’re known throughout the greater east central Indiana area for our compassionate, caring approach to oral surgery.

For more information, or to schedule a bone grafting consultation, contact our office in Richmond, Indiana, today.